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Polikarpov R-5 / 72-362 /
1. R-5T. Torpedo-bomber, Moscow, Spring, 1934. The first produced aircraft of this type.

2. R-5. Serial: 3.Moscow military district.

3. R-5. Serial: 22. The aircraft of training brigade of Air Fleet academy. Moscow, 1933.

4. R-5SSS. Unit: RKKA Air Force. Serial: 66. Winter War. Winter 1939-1940.

5. R-5. Unit: 7th Separate Corps detachment. Serial: 3. Pilot commander of detachment D.Nikishin. Pavlograd, 1936.

6. R-5Sh. Unit: 15th ShAP, 60th air brigade, ZabVO Exercises at Chita area, 1938. Most probably this is the regiment 
commander aircraft.

7. R-5. Unit: 37th BLAE, 454th air brigade. Serial: 4. Pilot - L.G.Petrushevskiy. Middle Eastern military district, August 1934.

8. R-5Sh. Unit: 12th ShAP, VVS of OKDVA. Serial: 5. Pilot - Ivanov N.N. Lazarevo airfield, August 1939.

9. R-5. Serial: 4. Sinkiang Aviation School, 1935.

10. R-5. Serial: 22. This aircraft was used as trainer. Circa 1930.

11. R-5SSS Unit: 15th Group. Serial: RR-21.  1 Escuadrilla de Ataque Nocturno; December 1937.

12. R-5Sh. Unit: Mongolian Air Corps. Nomonhan Conflict, Mongolia, 1939. Originally this unit was part of the Soviet 150th 
mixed air regiment (VVS RKKA). However some sources said that some aircraft were under command of Mongolian 
pilot Bor served with Mongolian Air Corps and wore Mongolian insignias.

13. R-5. Unit: Tatbikat Bolugu-Eskishehir. Serial: 1. October 1933. Immediately after the ceremonies of the 10th anniversary of the Turkish Republic. Most probably the emblem underwing and the inverted flag were painted in Russia, before the aircraft arrived. 
Squadron of Polikarpov R-5's and a Tupolev ANT-9 arrived Ankara to participate the 10th anniversary ceremonies on 29 October 1933. After the ceremonies 3 R-5 and the sole ANT-9 were presented to Turkey as a symbol of Turko-Russian friendship, 
cooperation and good relations (The Soviet Government under the leadership of Lenin helped Turkey a lot during our War of Independence).